What is the ASIA Impairment Scale?
The American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment scale or AIS describes a person’s functional impairment as a result of a SCI. This scale indicates how much sensation a person feels after light touch and a pin prick at multiple points on the body and tests key motions on both sides of the body.
What does Asia mean in spinal cord injury?
The extent of spinal cord injury (SCI) is defined by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale (modified from the Frankel classification), using the following categories: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] A = Complete: No sensory or motor function is preserved in sacral segments S4-S5.
How does the ASIA scale work?
The ASIA Impairment Scale assigns the SCI a grade based on its severity. Grades range from A to E, with A being the most severe injury and E being the least severe.
How do you calculate Asia score?
How To Calculate ASIA Score? The sensory levels are scored on a 0 to 2 scale for each dermatome. If the body is divided into two identical halves there are 28 key sensory points to be tested. Each dermatome is tested for light touch and pinprick sensations and labeled as NT (not testable) if cannot be tested.
When do you use ASIA scale?
This is a system of tests used to define and describe the extent and severity of a patient’s spinal cord injury and help determine future rehabilitation and recovery needs. It is ideally completed within 72 hours after the initial injury.
Can you recover from ASIA A?
Data show that only 20% of patients who received initial ASIA A scores (complete SCI) experience some level of spontaneous recovery within the first year.
What is an ASIA test?
An American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) exam is a standard physical to help: Determine which parts of the body are working normally and which parts are affected by the spinal cord injury. Classify the level of your spinal cord injury. Predict your recovery from the injury.